Landmannalaugar, start of the Laugavegurinn Trail

Landmannalaugar Campsite
                             Landmannalaugar Campsite

What is it: Location in Iceland, the Northernmost and usual starting point for the Laugavegurinn Trail.

How to get there: Bus from Reykjavik, app 4-5 hours. Several companies, such as Trex (leaves from Adalstræti, outside the Tourist office) or Reykjavik Excursions(leaves from the Reykjavik Bus Station).  Both companies accept online bookings and have several departures daily in summer. Landmannalaugar is accessible roughly from end of June to September, and only  by 4WD (the last 40 km). Even with a 4WD skills the road is not straightforward to drive.

Facilities: Camping, toilets, shop selling maps of Laugavegurinn trek as well as gas (screw) canisters. Credit cards accepted. Hut accomodation also available (advance booking needed).

Around Landmannalaugar
                               Around Landmannalaugar

Activities: 1. Plenty of day/half-day hikes to do. Maps available in the small service shop. 2. Natural hot springs. The landshape formations around Landmannalaugar are quite exceptional (see photos below).

I was there: On July 17th, 2016 traveling by bus (Trex) from Reykjavik to Landmannalaugar, departing Reykjavik at 8 am, arriving at Landmannalaugar at 1 pm. I did a half-day hike and spend the night camping before commencing the Laugavegurinn hike.

Map and other info: On the Landmannalaugar info site.

Notes: Landmannalaugar is not a city, rather it is a camp-ground and parking space in the middle of nowhere.

The complete photogallery of the Laugavegurinn hike is available on flickr.

Hot Springs, Landmannalaugar
                     Hot Springs, Landmannalaugar

10 tips hiking the Torres del Paine circuit

Torres del Paine Circuit
Torres del Paine Circuit between Puesto Serrón and Lago Dickson

The 10 tips:

1. The Torres del Paine Circuit trail itself only moderately difficult, the most challenging section being the John Gardner pass. There are no issues with route finding and even moderately experienced hikers will have no issues hiking the full circuit without a guide.

2. Hiking times are estimated very conservatively in most online/printed sources. For even moderately experienced/fit hikers the Circuit may easily be hiked in 6-7 days and the W in 3 days.

3. Pack for four seasons as snow may be encountered at all times even in summer,  and use lightweight gear. A full backpack including four-season gear, food and camping equipment, need not weigh more than 10 kg. Unfortunately high-quality lightweight gear is not cheap.

Grey Glacier
View over the Grey Glacier

4. No need to carry food for the full eight days as food (both meals as well as supplies) may be bought at all the refuges. It can be difficult to get food into Argentina from Chile, thus the safer option to stock up in Puerto Natales. I had no problem with my freeze-dried meals at the land border, however.

5. Use sunscreen even in cloudy weather. The sun is very strong.

6. No need to carry more than 1 liter of water as water sources are abundant and clean.

7. Lonely Planet Hiking in Patagonia (from 2009) is very outdated as well as out of print. The Cicerone Torres del Paine guidebook may be preferred. The National Park provides up to date maps.

8. The biggest challenge for hikers in the park is the wind. Tighten your backpack. Even backpack cover may blow away in the Patagonian wind.

Gardner Pass descent
The descent from the Gardner Pass

9. The main challenge of the Circuit is crossing the John Gardner Pass. On the other hand it is the greatest day out of the entire circuit: Technically it is straight-forward, however snow and strong winds may be encountered at all times. In brief: 1. During the ascent you can see the pass high up. If you loose the markers, just walk in this direction. If the pass is obscured by snow or fog: Wait it out! 2. The winds on top of the pass may be ferocious. 3. The descent may be slippery, however ropes are provided.

ladders Torres del Paine
Climbing the ladders on the descent from the Gardner pass

10. Two sets of vertical ladders have to be climbed crossing two ravines a couple of hours before Refugio Grey. The most difficult moment on the hike, in my opinion, and the only moment with exposure on the entire trek.

What I did:
Solo-hiked the Torres del Paine circuit including the W hike with full camping gear (10 kg) over Christmas 2014, with the following itinerary:

El Calafate (private bus)-Laguna Amarga-Refugio Las Torres-Puesto Serón-Refugio Lago Dickson-Campamento Los Perros-Refugio Grey-Campamento Italiano – Valle del Francés (return)-Refugio Los Cuernos-Campamento Torres-Torres del Paine Lookout (return)-Refugio Las Torres-Puerto Natales (bus)

The complete photogallery of this trip is available on flickr.

General information on the Torres del Paine Circuit and W:

Adventure Alan provides comprehensive practical information for both the Torres del Paine circuit and W trek.

Besseggen, Norways top hike

Besieged view, Bessvatn and Gjende
On the way up the Besseggen ridge

Start: Memurubu
End: Gjendesheim
Distance (km): 15 km
Ascent/descent: 1100/1100 m

Time used: 8 hours with a 15 kg backpack.

Difficulty (1-5): 4.

Walking season: June-September. Depends on snow levels. Both public transportation to Gjendesheim and the boats on Gjende lake are seasonal and run approximately between late-June and September. Information via DNT.

Transport to/from the hike: To/from Gjendesheim: By car:  Info here on parking. By bus: From Oslo with Valdresekspressen. Additional daily local buses to Lom/Otta and Fagernes.

Besieged classical view
Besseggen – the classic view. The dark blue Bessvatn on the ridge, the light blue lake Gjende on the left.

Accomodation: Huts: At both trail ends Gjendesheim (DNT hut) and Memurubu hut provide accommodation. Several additional accommodation near Gjendesheim. Camping: Wild camping is permitted everywhere. There are several prime spots on the trail as well as close to both trail ends.

Description: Stony trail, however significantly less stony than other trails in Jotunheimen. Very well-marked. On the Besseggen ridge itself, there is a very short (2 min * 2) section of light scrambling. The trail may be walked either from Gjendesheim (thus walking from Gjendesheim and taking the boat back from Memurubu) or from Memurubu (taking the boat from Gjendesheim to Memurubu and walking back). Most people take the boat from Gjendesheim in the morning and walk back. Othes spend the night at Memurubu. In either case, in high season up to 500 people may leave Memurubu at approximately the same time, crossing the ridge between 10-12 am, causing significant traffic jam on the ridge.

Besseggen ridge from below
Besseggen ridge – on the way up

Online ressources including maps: 10 important tips on hiking in Jotunheimen, (description and maps), Gjende (info on the boats), (general info), DNT (general info), Gjendesheim hut, Memurubu hut.

Important points: Up to 55.000 walk the Besseggen ridge every year. The Gjende boat may not be booked however boats leave in the morning from Gjendesheim as long as there are people. In high season the traffic jam on the ridge around midday is considerable and the biggest hazard of the hike.

Highlights: Climbing the ridge.

Low points: To be stuck in a crowd on the ridge.

Besseggen, camping at Bessvatn
Camping at “bandet” next to Bessvatn (the dark blue water) right before the Besseggen ridge

Important tips:

  • Avoid the crowds either by a) a very early (7am) start from Gjendesheim, b) spend the previous night in Memurubu and start around 7 am or c) camp on the trail (which I did). At 10 am I was alone on the ridge. At 11 am the ridge was overcrowded.
  • Prepare for all sorts of weather. I encountered a sudden snowstorm 300 meters above Memurubu in mid-August.
  • While the ridge may look narrow and exposed from below, it really is not. 55.000 passes the ridge every year and noone has ever fallen down from it.
  • For those on multi-day hikes, such as myself, it is possible to ship your backpack with the boat between Memurubu and Gjendesheim thus walking with a day-pack only.
Camping Besseggen
Camping 300 meter above Memurubu as I was surprised by a sudden snowstorm

 The complete photo gallery of this trip is available on flickr

El Chaltén hiking circuit in Patagonia

Laguna Piedras Blancas, Patagonia
View across the lake at Laguna Piedras Blancas, a couple                       of hours walk from Campamento Poincenot

Start and end: El Chaltén, Parque de los Glaciares.

General information: Parque de los Glaciares is located in Southern Patagonia in Argentina. This section of Parque de los Glaciares is famous for the mountains of Fitz Roy and Cerro Torre, both of which attract world-class mountaineers every year, occasionally creating controversy. This 3-4 day hike goes into mountain lakes, glaciers and offers great views of both Fitz Roy and Cerro Torres, weather permitting. Hiking here is quite easy, and even easier than in the moderate Torres del Paine. The major concern for hikers is the weather, especially the winds (see below). The route suggested below may also be walked as day hikes from El Chaltén.

The hike:

Day 1: El Chaltén to Campamento Poincenot. 12km. 3,5 hours.
Day 2: Day trips from Campamento Poincenot to Laguna de los Tres (famous view of Fitz Roy) and Laguna Pedros Blancas. 3 hours per trip.
Day 3: Campamento Poincenot to Campamento Agostino. Walk around Lago Torre to Mirador Maestri (famous view of Cerro Torre). 15 km. 4 hours.
Day 4: Campamento Agostino to El Chaltén. 10 km. 3 hours.

Total distance: 35 km + day trips.

Time used: 4 days (two full, two half-days) – could easily be shortened into 3 days.

Difficulty (1-5): 2 for main trail. 4 for side trip to Laguna Pedros Blancas (scrambling section just before arriving at the lake).

Short description of the trail: Easy walking along well-marked paths. No exposed sections save some light scrambling at the Laguna Pedros Blancas side trip.

Walking season: December-February.

Dates walked: December 19-22, 2014

Mount Fitz Roy, El Chaltén, Patagonia
View of Mount Fitz Roy on the way to Campamento                                                           Poincenot

Transport to/from the hike: Multiple daily buses (3 hours) from El Calafate to El Chalten, all of which stop at the National Park office just outside El Chaltén. From El Calafate there are numerous daily flights to Buenos Aires, as well as buses to Puerto Natales (for Torres del Paine) or private tour operators going directly from El Calafate into the Torres del Paine National Park.

Accomodation and food: During the hike: Designated (free) campsites within the national park.  Facilities: Latrines only. No food sold inside the park. No huts in this area, however both Laguna de los Tres and Lago Torre may be done as day hikes, returning each evening to El Chaltén. Water may be taken from the streams, no need for filtering.

Equipment: No special equipment. For overnight camping, four-season equipment is needed as snow and heavy winds may be encountered at all times.

Laguna de los Tres with Fitz Roy, El Chaltén
The classical view of Mount Fitz Roy across Laguna de                        los Tres. The area is notorious for bad weather.

Online ressources including maps:  All sorts of info including maps on El Chaltén webpage, as well as the official page of Los Glaciares National Park.

Online trip reports from others include: Swoop Patagonia,, Lonely Planet

Guidebook/map used: Lonely Planet: Hiking in Patagonia. Not updated since 2009, and now apparently out of print. Many practical issues outdated, however general info and maps still relevant. I used a PDF of the relevant chapter as well as a map available at the national park office in El Chaltén. Combined with resources available online , one could well do without a guidebook.

Important points/concerns: The weather is notoriously unreliable in this region, even in summer (Dec-Jan). Be prepared for very strong winds and snow. I have not seen winds like in Patagonia anywhere in the world.


Global surgeon and traveller